Cash flow is the net amount of cash and cash-equivalents being transferred into and out of a business. At the most fundamental level, a company’s ability to create value for shareholders is determined by its ability to generate positive cash flows, or more specifically, maximize long-term free cash flow (FCF).

3988 Free Cash Flow Analysis

Free cash flow, a measure commonly used by analysts to assess a company's profitability, represents the cash a company generates after accounting for cash outflows to support operations and maintain its capital assets.

The Free Cash Flow is calculated using a number of methods including using Operating Cash Flow. Following is the formula to calculate Free Cash Flow based on Operating Cash Flow.

Free Cash Flow = Operating Cash Flow - Capital Expenditures

Using above formula to calculate Free Cash Flow for Bank of China Limited (3988), the free cash flow value is -413.712B.

All amounts in CNY

Operating Cash
Capital Expenditure
Free Cash Flow

Bank of China Limited has a negative free cash flow as per the latest annual Cash flow statement released by the company. Positive free cash flow is cruscial for the financial health of a company, which can be used to pay dividends, expand operations, and deleverage its balance sheet (i.e., reduce debt).

3988 Cash Flow Statement History

Following table shows the history of Cash Flow Statements sheet for Bank of China Limited (HKEX:3988).

31 Dec 202131 Dec 202031 Dec 201931 Dec 2018
Net Income216.56B192.87B187.41B180.09B
Change To Netincome-9.61B-12.01B8.64B-10.08B
Change To Liabilities
Change To Operating Activities-619.28B-1.18T-1.64T-573.44B
Total Cash From Operating Activities-383.54B-970.97B-1.42T-386.4B
Capital Expenditures-30.17B-39.62B-39.02B-42.15B
Other Cashflows From Investing Activities152.47B153.02B155.64B144.66B
Total Cashflows From Investing Activities-395.56B-17.07B-165.68B-182.49B
Dividends Paid-70.22B-65.95B-60.99B-58.6B
Net Borrowings136.24B150.99B301.4B286.76B
Other Cashflows From Financing Activities1.19T1.01T891.66B1.05T
Total Cash From Financing Activities1.3T1.17T1.23T1.28T
Effect Of Exchange Rate-41.28B-33.6B14.12B20.65B
Change In Cash480.76B148.98B-342.71B729.85B
Issuance Of Stock69.98B89.98B39.99B39.99B